Saturday, October 22, 2005

Gospel of Mark Chapter One


Chapter One

The Beginning of the Good News[1] of Yeshua Meshika[2], the Son of God[3]. As it is written in Isaiah the Prophet:
Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who shall make straight your way.[4]
The Voice which cries in the desert, Prepare the way of the Lord, make level his paths.[5]
Johannan was in the desert, immersing[6], and proclaiming an immersion of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.[7] All of the region of Judea and the sons of Jerusalem went out to him; and he immersed them in Jordan the river, after they had confessed their sins. But Johannan himself was dressed with a garment of the hair of camels, and girded with a belt of leather upon his waist and his food was locusts and honey from the wild.[8] And he proclaimed and said, “Behold, One comes after me, who is more powerful than I, he, the straps of whose sandals I am not worthy to bow myself down to unloose. I have immersed you with waters, but he shall immerse you with the Spirit of Holiness.”

And it was in those days that Yeshua came from Natsrath of Galilee and was immersed in the Jordan by Johannan. And as soon as he had risen from the waters he saw the heavens part asunder and the Spirit as a dove descend upon him. And the Voice was from the heavens, “You are the Son I love in you is my delight.” And immediately the Spirit led him forth into the desert. And he was there in the desert for forty days being tempted by Satan and he was with the wild beasts and the angels ministered to him.
But after Johannan was delivered up, Yeshua came to Galilee and proclaimed the Good News of the Kingdom of God. And he said, “The time is complete. The Kingdom of God has arrived. Repent and believe the Good News.”[9] And while he walked round about the Sea of Galilee he saw Simeon and Andreas his brother who were casting nets into the sea because they were fishermen. And Yeshua said to them, “ Follow me and I will make you fishers of the sons of men. And at once they left their nets and followed him. And he went a little further and he saw Jacob Bar Zabdai and Johannan his brother. They were in a boat preparing their nets. And he called them and they immediately left their father with the hired hands and went after him.
And when they were come to Capernaum[10], he immediately began to teach on the Sabbath in their assemblies. And they wondered at his teaching; for the taught them with authority and not as their scribes did.[11] And there was one in their assembly a man who had an unclean spirit[12] and he cried out and said, “What to us and to you, Yeshua the Nazarene: Have you come to destroy us? I know you for who you are, The Holy One of God.” And Jesus restrained him and said, “Close your mouth, and come from him.” And the impure spirit threw him down and cried with a loud voice and went out from him. And all wondered and questioned on another, “Who is this: and what is this new doctrine: Because with authority he commands the unclean spirits and they obey him.” And soon his fame went throughout all the region of Galilee.
And he left the assembly[13] and came unto the house of Simeon and Andreas with Jacob and Johannan. And the mother of Simeon was lying in a fever and they told him about her. And he approached, took her by the hand and she got up, and at once the fever left her and she began serving them. Then in the evening the whole city was assembled at the door; and he healed the multitudes that were grievously afflicted and demon possessed, and he cast out many devils and would not permit the devils to speak because they knew who he was. And in the morning he arose long before day, and went to a lonely place, and there prayed. And Simeon and those who were with him were looking for him. And when they found him they said to him, “Everyone is looking for you.” And he said to them, “Walk in to the villages and cities that are nearby for there also will I preach for I have come to do this.”
And he preached in all their congregations, in all Galilee, and cast out demons.
And a leper came to him, and fell at his feet, and begged him, and said to him; ”If you will it, you can make me clean.” And Yeshua had compassion on him, and stretched out his hand, and touched him, and said, “I do will it. You are clean.”[14] And in that moment, his leprosy left him and he became clean. And he warned him, and sent him away and he said to him. “Do not tell anybody; but go and show yourself to the priests and offer and offering on account of their purification, as Moses commanded, as a testimony unto them.” But as he went out, he began to proclaim about the matter publicly so that Jesus could no openly go into any town but stayed in the desert places and yet they came to him from everywhere.”

[1] In Aramaic Sabretha, meaning Good News and hope.
[2] Yeshua is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew name Yehoshua meaning Joshua. Joshua means “Yahweh’s salvation” or just “Salvation”. Meshikha is related to the Aramaic word for oil. It means anointed with oil. Instead of having coronations in ancient Israel the king’s rule was inaugurated through a ceremony in which the ruler was consecrated to office through having oil poured over his head. Kings and priests were both anointed. According to Joachim Jeremias the pronunciation of ‘Jesus’ in Galilee, his homeland, was Yeshu. In modern Aramaic it is pronounced Eshoo. In Jerusalem and Judea the pronunciation was Yeshua.
[3] ‘God’ in Aramaic is Alaha. This word is related to the Hebrew word Elohiem and the Arabic word Allah.
[4] This passage is in Malachi 3:1 and not Isaiah.
[5] Isaiah 40:3 The reason these two texts are put together may be that Mark is quoting from a lost Aramaic or Hebrew work called the Book of the Testimonies. This book was a collection of Old Testament prophecies that Jesus fulfilled. In the Book of Acts the preaching of the Apostles is that Jesus came and fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies of the coming of the Messiah.
[6] In Aramaic Mamuditha. This refers to the Jewish practice of the tevilah in a Mikveh, a total immersion in water for ritual purification. Baptism came from Jewish practices in which one cleans oneself in rituals of purification from ceremonial uncleanliness.
According to Flavius Josephus baptism was a sign symbolizing a previous inward spiritual transformation. Jews at that time and today required gentile converts to Judaism to undergo a baptism. John the Baptist requires everyone to repent, be converted and baptized as if they were gentiles. Ethnic origin, such as being born Jewish, does not grant Salvation in Johns teaching, only repentance and good deeds does.
[8] According to Jesus in a spiritual way John the Baptist was Elijah. Here John has not only the spirit of Elijah, or his anointing, but also resembles his physical appearance (2 Kings 1:8). After his death the followers of the Baptist suffered persecution. They fled to Iraq and now call themselves the Mandaeans or the Subba. They continue to worship in Aramaic and have maintained the baptismal rituals that they were taught by John the Baptist, their prophet.
[9] The central message of Jesus was that of the Kingdom of God which in Aramaic is Malkutha D’Alaha.
[10] In Aramaic Kaphar-nacham
[11] Rabbis passed on teachings on the authority of the tradition handed down to them. Jesus teaches with his own authority and King Messiah and Rabbi. In modern Aramaic ‘rabi’ means teacher or instructor like a schoolmaster.
[12] In the first century there was the belief in angels and demons. These were spiritual or invisible entities. The Bible teaches that there is a greater reality, a spiritual reality, that is beyond the realm of seeing, tasting and feeling. There are forces of good and evil that children of God must contend with. Jesus the Messiah was an exorcist among other things.
[13] Synagogue in Aramaic is Kenushta a place where people congregate. The idea of the church and that of the synagogue are closely related.
[14] Jesus is a faith-healer. He is compassionate. Due to the Mosaic law individuals who had skin diseases were shunned from the community and were outcasts. This was due to health concerns and hygiene but Jesus has compassion of social rejects and brings restoration unto them.


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